The instant that a bankruptcy is filed an order is entered automatically, and it stays (or temporarily stops) all collection activity against the debtor or property of the debtor. Instantly. Automatically. Boom. All collection activity must stop. That means lawsuits, wage garnishments, nasty letters, annoying phone calls (Ok, so I don’t know any court that has managed to stop the car warranty calls, but we’re working on it.).
That order remains in place until either the Court modifies or lifts it, the Debtor’s discharge is entered or the case closes without a discharge. The automatic stay is designed to give someone who has just filed for bankruptcy literally months of breathing room.
Where the automatic stay is most likely to get cut short is when someone files for bankruptcy and doesn’t continue making payments on a secured loan — most commonly a car payment. In that case the lender has the right to ask the court to lift the stay and let them repossess the car. A chapter 7 bankruptcy is not the right place to be if you are not current on a vehicle that you need to keep. If that is the case, file a chapter 13 bankruptcy.
However, if you find yourself with more debt than you can pay, but you are current on your car loans and mortgage (if you have them), but your phone is ringing off the hook, you are afraid to open your mail, and your payroll office has just received a wage garnishment; the automatic stay is the legal equivalent of a Calgon bubble bath commercial from the 70’s.