Category Archives: Consumer Credit

Christmas Bills, a New Year and Bankruptcy

There are a number of reasons why Bankruptcy filings surge after the first of the year. The New Year brings introspection and the desire to finally find a way out of the hole you have been trying to climb out of for years. Christmas bills can be the last straw. Then, of course, there is the impending tax refund, which can be a helpful way to pay for the bankruptcy filing.

There are a few things to consider, though.

First, let’s talk about Christmas bills. The general rule is that you want to wait at least 70 days and preferably 90 days after you have last used your credit cards before filing a bankruptcy. There are exceptions to this, but those are sufficiently fact specific, that you will want to talk to a lawyer about your particular facts. What you should remember is, if you haven’t already stopped using your cards – do it now, before you call the lawyer. Then, go ahead and schedule the appointment. You will want some time to get things ready to file anyway, but have a good idea what your card usage has looked like during the last 30 – 60 days so you can discuss it with your lawyer in detail.

There are actually a couple of issues with tax refunds. First of all, you will be happier if you have your tax return for the completed year prepared before you file your Bankruptcy. In some cases, you will have to have it, but you will always want to have it in hand. One reason for that is that if you have not received your tax refund before you file your bankruptcy, your Trustee may be entitled to the refund. The solution to that, of course, is to have already received it and done something constructive with it before the case is filed. I will caution you that you will want to discuss exactly what you do with that refund with your lawyer before you do it – not after. Of course, I think that one of the best things to do with that refund is to pay your attorney for filing the bankruptcy – but I might be prejudiced.

Finally, there is that decision to start a new year finally freeing yourself from the unending cycle of debt that you have been mired in. Finally, it is time to put yourself back in a place where you can take care of yourself, your family, put something aside for retirement – yes, it is time! Not so fast. Is it time? Are you through getting into trouble? If you have lost a job, do you have a stable pay check coming in? With health insurance? If you’ve had health problems, are they behind you? If so, then, yes. It is time. Time for a New Year and a new start.

Elaine

There May Be Some Justice in this World After All

CNN is reporting that the FBI has arrested the owner of a debt collection business in Georgia and six of his employees.  The collectors in this case were lying to people, telling them that the collectors were Federal agents, and if this debt wasn’t paid the person they were calling was going to be arrested.

There are two things that make this story unusual.  First, of course, the arrest of seven people by the FBI.  The second, however, is what enabled that arrest — the debt collectors were inside the United States.

It is not uncommon for me to get calls from terrified clients, because they have just gotten a call like this; and some of these callers are very good and very persuasive.  In most cases, however, if you could trace the call you would find that it came from a VoIP number — in Pakistan, Eastern Europe or Northern Africa — take your pick.

So, it is really refreshing to see the FBI getting involved in one of these scams when the scammers are within reach.

If you get a phone call like this.  The first question I tell my clients to ask is for a mailing address to send a cashier’s check to pay this debt.  Now, since these people were in Georgia they might have given out a mailing address; but the overseas scammers won’t.  They will tell you that there is no time for that, the debt must be paid right now by electronic funds transfer out of your bank account.  I tell my clients to take a deep breath and try to think of any legitimate creditor who won’t take a cashier’s check drawn on a Federally insured financial institution.  That is a dead giveaway that you aren’t dealing with someone legit.

The next thing, though, is to try and remember the last time you knew someone who was arrested for not paying their credit cards.  Now, you can be arrested for ignoring or disobeying an order of the Court (like failing to appear at a Hearing on Assets); but you won’t get a phone call giving you an out for that.  So, keep thinking, the last time you knew someone who was arrested for not paying an old credit card account was when?

Now, consider what it costs a State to incarcerate someone.  So, the State is going to do that to collect a debt owed to some debt collector?  Really?

The long and the short of this is, if you get a phone call from someone claiming to be collecting a credit card or medical bill, and that person threatens to have you arrested if you don’t pay — and probably if you don’t pay RIGHT NOW.  Your first thought really should be that this is probably a scam.

Elaine

Why Things Aren’t Like They Appear

I read a lot of business news.  I do for a lot of reasons.  One of those reasons is that I need to know what the larger, economic trends are as they unfold around me.  That is part of my business.  One thing that I have been noticing for a long time is that what I see in my office and what I read in the National business news has never quite seemed to match up.  The news talks about economic growth, increased productivity, skyrocketing executive pay and returns for shareholders.  What I see is people struggling really hard to hang on to where they used to be.

Marketwatch had an article today that caught my eye.  I read the article, because of the title, “Your Paycheck Has Been Shrinking for the Last Five Years.”, but it was the last sentence that really grabbed my attention.

“So wage growth has been generally weak for more than 15 years.”

Yea, or maybe even more than that.  It is nice to know, sort of, that it isn’t just the little microcosm that is my office; but it is still getting old to keep watching people come in who are making the same or less than they were 5 — 10 — even 15 years ago.  I’m not adjusting for inflation, here.  I am talking real wages.  I’d say wage growth has been slow all right.

What scares me is what this has to say about future social and economic stability.

Elaine

Student Loans, Auto Default Clauses: or, Everything Old is New Again

I was recently discussing issues with student loans, and private student loans in particular, with a staffer for one of my Congressmen. The staffer said something along the lines of, but isn’t student loan debt good debt? My response? Student loans, especially private student loans, may be the worst kind of debt – even worse than credit cards. His expression was fun. He did keep his coffee off his tie, though. Points for that.

There are a lot of reasons I’m not just real gung ho on student loans – especially private student loans. One of those reasons has been getting some press this week. Here is a link to a NY Times article on auto default clauses in private student loans. There have been several others recently, but this was the first one I saw.

http://m.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/us-agency-urges-private-lenders-to-ease-automatic-default-rules-on-student-loans/2014/04/21/d06adeee-c97f-11e3-95f7-7ecdde72d2ea_story.html

Most private student loans require a co-signer, usually a parent or grandparent. Many of those loan documents also include language known as an auto default clause. An auto default clause means that the loan is deemed to be in default if a particular event happens – EVEN IF PAYMENTS ON THE LOAN ARE CURRENT. The current press is about auto default clauses that trigger an event of default if the co-signer files for bankruptcy or dies.

To be quite blunt:
Bad news – Dad is dead.
More bad news – your student loans are now being reported in default to the credit reporting agencies, even though you’ve never missed a payment.

There is a good argument that the an auto default triggered by a bankruptcy filing of the co-signer is unenforceable, and I foresee some interesting litigation on that issue. The death of the co-signer, though, is going to be valid unless some lawyer who is far more creative than I am comes up with something I haven’t thought of.

A lot of the NY Times article referenced above has to do with encouragement from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau for lenders (or, more accurately the loan servicers) to find ways to avoid placing otherwise performing loans into default status. There are a number of problems with that encouragement. First of all, it is just that, encouragement. I am not aware of any authority the CFPB has to require anything. Second, the same problem is showing up here that we had getting loan modifications during the mortgage crisis. Most of these loans have been securitized. The entity that the borrower deals with (Sallie Mae, AES, etc.) isn’t actually the lender. They are the servicer, they just manage the loans on behalf of the ultimate investors, and they do so pursuant to the terms of a contract that limits their ability to modify the loans.

Part of the securitization process is taking a large body of loans, pooling them together and using their income stream to support payments to investors who invest in the large pool. To do that, the individual loans that go into a pool must share certain qualities; and one of the qualities that makes a pool of loans like this more attractive to investors is the presence of co-signers – or, having more than one person responsible for repaying the loans. So, encouragement from the CFBP is nice, but I don’t think I will hold my breath on seeing any real changes here.

Of course, the real victims are the college graduates who are making their loan payments and then find out that the interest rate on a car loan is going to be sky high or they can’t qualify for a mortgage; why? Because their student loans are in default – yea, the ones they are PAYING every month.

I’m sorry, but that sucks.

They took out those loans (for the most part) when they didn’t have a lot of experience with financial products. Their parents (or grandparents) signed. Their school told them to sign. So, they signed. Even if they read the fine print, they very well might not have realized with an automatic event of default means. Their school should have. Their parents (or grandparents) should have, and they might have; but they saw no other (or no better) way to pay for college.

There isn’t much I can do about people dying; but filing bankruptcies for people who might have co-signed student loans is part of my job. I’m currently thinking through some ideas with other attorneys to mitigate the consequences of a bankruptcy filing when the debtor has co-signed private student loans. Keep in touch.

Elaine

 

 

How Long Before They Repo My Car?

I get asked this question a lot, and the answer varies pretty widely depending on the facts. Most commonly, though, I am asked this question by someone who needs to file for Bankruptcy and has made the decision that he cannot afford to keep his car. In other words, the client is going to surrender his interest in the car to the car lender during the bankruptcy.

There are a number of options in a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy for dealing with secured debt (i.e., debt that is secured by a lien on a piece of property, like a car loan or a mortgage). One of them is to surrender the property to the lender. So, the question being asked is really – so, how does that surrender thing work and how long does it take anyway?

Well, that depends.

I’m a lawyer, you were expecting a definite answer?

When the bankruptcy is filed the Debtor files a Statement of Intent that states what he intends to do with his secured debt. So, in this case, the Debtor will indicate that he intends to surrender the vehicle. However, at the instant that the case is filed the Automatic Stay goes into effect, and that stays (or temporarily stops) all collection activity against the debtor or property of the debtor – including the car in this illustration. So, even though the Debtor is indicating his intention to surrender his car to the lender, the lender can’t take it; because taking it would be an effort to collect a debt, and that is prohibited by the Automatic Stay. Are we having fun yet? Thought so.

Now the ball is in the lender’s court. They can either wait until the Bankruptcy is over with and then repossess the vehicle., or they can file a Motion with the Bankruptcy Court asking the Court to lift the automatic stay and abandon any interest that the Bankruptcy estate might have in the vehicle. The creditor can do that as soon as he learns of the Bankruptcy filing or not until later. It isn’t uncommon for creditors to wait until after the First Meeting of Creditors, which is generally about 30 days post-petition, to file their motion. Given these facts, once that motion is filed, it will be granted in about 3 or 4 weeks – kind of depending on how excited the creditor’s lawyer is to get it done. The net effect of this motion being granted is the Bankruptcy Court gives the creditor permission to collect his debt against the property – not the debtor, just the property. The stay remains in effect as to the Debtor, and assuming that no objections to discharge are granted; the stay will be replaced by the discharge injunction at the conclusion of the Bankruptcy. The discharge will prohibit the car lender from EVER trying to collect money from the debtor again. The creditor is welcome to the car, because he has a lien on it; but that is all he gets.

After the creditor gets permission to repossess the car, and he will – eventually. Some creditors will have someone out looking for it the next day. Others take longer to get around to it. In my office I point out to my clients that they don’t want to be driving this car if a repo guy might be looking for it. Walking out of the grocery store with ten sacks of groceries including 2 gallons of ice cream and finding no car to put them in is not a situation most of my clients want to find themselves in. So, I will generally arrange for the debtor to deliver the car to the lender. Not everyone does it that way.

The long and the short of this is that even if you want to give the car back it will take just under a month or . . . longer, to do so. On the other hand, if the Debtor wants to keep the car as long as possible, that is a completely different analysis and one that is going to vary widely depending on the specific facts, the creditor involved and even the court in which the case is filed.

Elaine

They Said I Can’t Bankrupt That

I get told this a lot. Someone calls and they have talked to a loan company, a debt collector, or the guy on the next bar stool at a local dive. What I hear is, “They said I can’t bankrupt that.” Well, of course not. Bankrupt is an adjective. To Bankrupt is not a verbal – of any kind. You can be described as bankrupt, but there is no such action as to bankrupt. The moral of this story is, of course, don’t take legal advice from anyone who speaks English this poorly. In fact, don’t take legal advise from non-lawyers – especially when they are trying to get you to pay them for a debt or if you aren’t sure just how many drinks they have already had.

Now, are there debts that cannot be discharged in a Bankruptcy? Sure, and some of them you will kind of know, and there are a few that will probably surprise you.  For instance, most people are pretty comfortable with the idea that you can’t discharge child support in a Bankruptcy.

However, most people probably don’t know that you can’t discharge a debt for willfully or recklessly failing to maintain the capital of a Federally insured financial institution. Don’t worry if you don’t understand what that means, it almost certainly doesn’t apply to you.

I will concede to being a bit silly (or snarky, your call) with that last example, but the fact is that there is a section of the Bankruptcy Code (11 U.S.C. §523) that lists all of the debts you cannot discharge (or get out of) in a Bankruptcy. In the copy of the Code I keep handy, that section is five pages long, and very little of those five pages apply to the vast majority of  people with more debt than they can pay.

In fact, no matter what you have heard about the 2005 Bankruptcy Reform Act there is no general exception from discharge for credit card debt. That’s right. Despite what that debt collector told you, absent certain general restrictions, a Bankruptcy filing will still discharge most, if not all, of your credit card debt – and your medical debt – and pay day loans – and even in many cases old income taxes. Really.

The exceptions to discharge that apply most commonly  are:

  • Child support;
  • Alimony;
  • Property division or other divorce related debt (in a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy);
  • Student loans;
  • Debt incurred by fraud or shortly before a Bankruptcy filing; and
  • Recent taxes (rules are complicated).

Embezzlement? Well, that is a problem. Lying on a loan application or borrowing money with someone else’s identity, forging loan documents, taking the vacation of your lifetime in Paris paid for by Visa with the intention of filing for Bankruptcy before those bills come due?  These are all at least as non-dischargeable as you should think they are.

All silliness aside, here is what you need to remember. Most people who file for bankruptcy can discharge all, or virtually all, of their debt. There is a five-page laundry list of debts that cannot be discharged in a Bankruptcy, and for the most part, none of them are simple; and most of them are not all that common. The odds are very good that no one other than an experienced bankruptcy attorney can discuss any of them with you in any detail. Most people know just enough to be dangerous about Section 523, and that includes a large number of lawyers who don’t practice bankruptcy law on a regular basis.

If you have any questions about whether or not a debt is dischargeable, ask a lawyer who practices in the Bankruptcy Courts regularly. If anyone else tells you that something is not dischargeable, take that advice with a large helping of salt – especially if they think Bankrupt is a verb.

Elaine

 

When a Collector Threatens You With Jail

There are two scenarios that I have seen where purported debt collectors have threatened people with jail.  One of them is an out and out scam.  The other is just illegal.  The scam is the most common so let’s start there.

  • Collector calls and tells you that if you don’t pay a certain bill immediately, the Sheriff is going to come to your house and arrest you.  You have to pay this today.  You are going to be arrested tomorrow.  The only way you can pay this is by electronic funds transfer from your checking account over the phone RIGHT NOW.  You cannot mail in a check — even a certified check sent next day delivery.  Nope.  It must be over the phone, straight from your checking account RIGHT NOW.

When was the last time a legitimate debt collector wouldn’t take a cashier’s check by mail?  They are so interested in keeping you out of jail that they would rather not get their money?  Really?  Does this sound like any legitimate debt collector you have ever spoken with?  Any debt collector who won’t give you a mailing address and who won’t take a cashier’s check is not really a debt collector.  A colleague of mine traced one of these calls.  It was a voice over IP call, and somehow he was able to track the IP address of the originating computer.  It was in Pakistan.

The second scenario is just an overly aggressive collector who gets carried away.  My favorite example of this is the debt collector who told a woman that if she didn’t pay her credit card account, he was going to call DHS and have them take her children away, because she was obviously an unfit Mother.  That is what is known as a violation of the Fair Debt Collection Act.  It also violates a number of State laws.  That debt collector was sued by a friend of mine for that call, and the case settled for a not insubstantial amount of money.

These scenarios work, because the collector gets the debtor scared enough to stop thinking rationally.  Consider carefully, how many children would we have in foster care in this Country if not paying your credit cards made you an unfit parent?  Not only am I not sure I can count that high, but how many news stories about this would it take before the tax payers told our legislatures to find better ways to spend our tax dollars?  Have you ever seen a television news story about this?  If it happened, don’t you think you would?  What better television than a poor, weeping, hysterical woman who has lost her children because the ex didn’t pay child support, and she has been too ill to work?  Do you really think the local news stations have too much class to air this?

Now, here is where this whole issue gets sticky.  It is easy to say that you can’t go to jail for debt in this Country, and technically that is true.  You can, however, go to jail for violating a court order; and if that order is to pay a debt — most commonly child support, and you don’t do it, well, you can go to jail for willfully disobeying the Court’s order.  The standards for that are going to vary from State to State, but even though technically this is punishment for disobeying the Court, it is effectively imprisoning someone for not paying a debt.  It is very effective at getting recalcitrant parents to pay their child support, by the way.

Another variant on this is that if you are ordered to appear for a Hearing on Assets by a creditor who has a judgment against you, and you don’t appear; well, a bench warrant can issue for your arrest.  Again, the warrant is for disobeying an order of the court to appear and provide information; but it can be an effective collection tool nonetheless.

One thing to notice about both of these scenarios, they involve judgments, court orders and lawyers.  They don’t involve telephone calls, and before you can violate a court order, you have to have been given notice of that order.  That means you have to have been a party to a lawsuit.  Ask the guy who is calling you, threatening to put you in jail, for the case number of the lawsuit.  Odds are he will tell you that he didn’t have to sue you.  Those laws don’t apply to him.  Well, maybe they don’t — in Pakistan.

I will say, though, that these calls are only effective if the person receiving the call has problems with debt.  So, if this happens to you.  Don’t get so scared that you lose your grasp on reality.  After all, you don’t know ANYONE who has gone to jail for not paying a credit card.  Ask for a mailing address.  Real debt collectors will always take a cashier’s check by mail.  They really just want their money.  Ask what order you have violated, in what court case and ask for the case number.  Then hang up.

Oh, and after you hang up — call a lawyer.  If you are getting calls like that, and they are elevating your heart rate so much as one beat per minute; it is time to call for help.

Elaine

Dealing With Debt Collectors

The relatively new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has put some useful resources on the Bureau’s website to deal with obnoxious debt collectors.  The first thing on this page are links to two new bulletins providing notice to debt collectors of practices the Bureau finds abusive.  These things just make kind of fun reading.

The meat of the page are the so-called “Action Letters”.  These are form letters developed by the CFPB to help consumers implement their rights under existing consumer protection laws (primarily the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act).   These letters serve the following purposes:

  • To dispute a debt and request additional information about the debt;
  • To dispute a debt and demand that the collector prove that the consumer is responsible for the debt and to stop contacting the consumer until they have done so;
  • To restrict the times and methods by which the collector can attempt to contact the consumer;
  • To notify the collector that the consumer has retained an attorney and all contacts should go through counsel; and
  • A cease and desist letter — this is a letter instructing the collector to stop all contact attempts with the consumer.

These letters are very useful tools, but they do have some downsides.  FDCPA disputes almost never produce what you hope they will, and if you really do owe the debt, it will buy you only a brief respite from collection activity.  If, however, you are willing to proceed with active litigation against the collector, this kind of verification letter can be extremely valuable.

The most valuable restriction on time and place of contact is preventing the collector from contacting you at work.  This can be very effective.  It will not, however, stop overly aggressive collectors from calling your employer — just to verify that you really do work there — yea, right.

Attorney retention letters are really better coming from the attorney.  Far too often people will tell a collector that they are represented by a certain attorney (whose name they have plucked from the phone book or a website) when they really aren’t, because they have heard that will stop collection calls.  Believe it or not, the collectors really will verify this; and you will not be winning friends with an attorney you may need to actually represent you down the road if his or her phone starts ringing off the hook with creditors of a supposed client the attorney has never heard of.  Bad plan.

Cease and desist letters basically are a mechanism for requiring that collectors stop all collection contact.  It does not mean they can’t sue you.  Well, if they can’t call you, they can’t harass you by mail and you aren’t represented by counsel; there really isn’t much left for them to do.  Now, not every collector sues upon receipt of a cease and desist letter; and I have clients who have used them very successfully, but only in very specific fact situations.

Finally, at the bottom of this page the CFPB outlines its complaint mechanism for lodging complaints against collectors and creditors.  By all means, have at it.  In fact, I encourage everyone to investigate the resources available from the CFPB and make use of them.  Just be aware of the fact that not everything will do what you expect, and most things do have consequences.  Getting a breather from collection calls is not a solution, it is a tool.

Elaine

Old Debt, Foreclosed Home, 1099 in the Mail — Oh NO!

Once upon a time the start of tax season was heralded by would-be clients who had been to see me sometimes months earlier calling very excited, because they finally have the money to file.  Then, there are the Trustees wanting a share of tax refunds that accrued to debtors prior to the filing of their bankruptcies — those calls are less fun.

Recently, though, tax season has started a bit earlier — in January and early February.  Former clients are calling scared, because they have just gotten a 1099 in the mail for some HUGE amount of money that they thought they had discharged in their Bankruptcy — and they are right.

Any time a creditor “forgives” debt, which is a very broad term and doesn’t necessarily have anything to do with whether or not they still intend to collect it or the Debtor still owes it, the creditor is required to send a 1099 for the amount of the forgiven debt to the Debtor and the IRS.  The IRS is then going to assume (unless told to the contrary) that this amount is to be included in the debtor’s gross income for that taxable year.

Breathe.  I promise, it isn’t nearly this bad.  Go back and read that “unless told to the contrary” part again.  If you have filed for Bankruptcy and discharged your personal liability for debt, it does not have to be included in your taxable income.  There is an IRS form 982 that will solve this problem for you.  Form 982 deals with 1099’s if the debt has been discharged in Bankruptcy or if the Debtor was insolvent at the time the debt was forgiven.  The insolvency exception is considerably more difficult and more treacherous.  The Bankruptcy (Title 11) provision is much more straight forward.

There are different rules if the forgiveness of debt involved your homestead, and the property was foreclosed or the subject of a short sale; but the 1099 may still qualify to be excepted from your taxable income.  In that event, I suggest you talk to a competent CPA.   Likewise, if you have any questions regarding the application or use of Form 982, a CPA is the person to call.

Where those 1099’s can be a real issue is if you did some type of debt management plan where you paid less than 100% of your debt.  If it was a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, Form 982 may still apply.  Otherwise, you might have a real problem; and you cannot call a CPA for help too soon.  I hate getting calls from people who tried to do the right thing, tried to pay their debt; and then after years of scrimping and suffering find out after the fact that they now owe tax on the total amount (including interest) that they didn’t pay.  A Chapter 13 Bankruptcy would likely have been cheaper, more effective and actually gotten them out of debt instead of into tax debt.

So happy tax refunds, and do not pay tax on discharged debt unnecessarily!

Elaine

Bankruptcy and Secured Debt — the Car Edition

I can’t count the number of times I have answered the phone, and the first words out of the caller’s mouth (before Hello, my name is. . . , etc.) are, “If I file for Bankruptcy can I keep my car?”

If everyone who filed for Bankruptcy automatically lost their cars, don’t you think you’d have heard about it by now?   Do you really think car dealers would ignore advertising to  this large a market?  So, when was the last time you saw an ad for a car lot that went like this.

So, you need to file for Bankruptcy.  You’re going to lose your car, of course; but we all know you can’t live in Oklahoma without a car!  So, you just come on down and pick out a replacement.  We will hold it until your Bankruptcy is safely filed.  Don’t you worry, we’ve got ways to get you into that car as soon as you lose your old one. After all, you don’t want to be one of those thousands of bankruptcy filers out hitch hiking to work!

Doesn’t sound too familiar to me either, but it was kind of fun to write.

The fact is that when it comes to secured debt in a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy you generally have four options:

  • Reaffirm;
  • Retain;
  • Surrender; or
  • Redeem.

A reaffirmation agreement recreates the debt post-petition.  That sentence is fraught with meaning.  First of all, it is an AGREEMENT.  That means that you must agree to it, but the Creditor must agree to it as well.  So, if the creditor is sick of you, you cannot force them to let you sign a reaffirmation agreement.  Also, the agreement terms may well require that you be current on your payments as of the time of the Bankruptcy filing.

Second, the reaffirmation recreates the debt post-petition.  That means it is effectively after the bankruptcy.  If you subsequently default, the creditor will have all of the rights that they would have had if you had never filed.  This means you lose the benefit of the Bankruptcy discharge with respect to the reaffirmed debt.

Retain and pay is an option that varies dramatically by jurisdiction.  The 2005 Bankruptcy Reform Act tried to do away with this option, but like many parts of the Act, it wasn’t quite as well drafted as it could have been.  The long and the short of it is that depending on a number of factors including:  where you live, the terms of your loan, the relevant State law and even the identity of your lender; you may be able to simply keep making your payments.

Surrender is pretty self-explanatory.  If you don’t want the car or can’t afford to keep the car, you can give it back to the lender and discharge any remaining obligation for the loan.  Wash your hands of it, be done, over.

Finally, there is redemption.  Redemption is really kind of cool and deserves its own post — which it is going to get.  However, in a nutshell the right to redeem property is the right to pay the lesser of the value of the property or the amount owed in a lump sum to the lender and get a lien release.  So, owe $2,500 on a laptop now worth $300?  Pay the $300 and keep the laptop.  Owe $36,000 on a pickup worth $13,000?  (Why, no, I did not just make up those numbers.)  If you can find a way to pay the $13,000 in a lump sum, you can keep the truck and be done with the $36,000 loan.

As usual, the devil is in the details; and that is nowhere as true as it is with the concept of redemption.  So, check back for a post on how to make it happen — or not.

Elaine